Dr. Sandeep Nair is a research associate and Ayurvedic physician in the Department of Neurology and Complementary Medicine at Augusta-Kranken-Anstalt Hattingen, Germany since September 2011. He is working with Univ. Prof. Dr. med. Przuntek on various research projects such as the influence of Vasthi and Ayurveda diet on microbiomics and the influence of Nasya on hyposmia of Parkinson's disease patients. His main responsibilities include diagnosing and treating patients with extrapyramidal movement disorders and other neurodegenerative diseases using complementary methods, training neurologists, therapists, and nurses on complementary medicine, and conducting clinical trials, observational studies, and systematic reviews of various treatment approaches for Parkinson's disease. Dr. Nair is a former assistant professor of panchakarma at MVR Ayurveda Medical College Kannur, Kerala. He completed his BAMS and MD in Panchakarma at Government Ayurveda College Trivandrum, his MSc in Neurorehabilitation Research at Danube University Krems, Austria, and his specialization in Clinical Research and ICH GCP at Pharma Academy Leipzig, Germany. Dr. Nair is one of the board members of IFAD (Indian Professional Association of Ayurveda Germany).
The obtained information analysed and applied skillfully for a purpose is called Knowledge. Information is the collection of data from our surroundings or environment, and how do we get information? Or what is the way to understand the environment? What are the tools needed to collect information from the environment?
The tools for understanding the environment or gathering of information from the environment are the 5 senses (Indriyas). We see, hear, touch, taste, and smell, to get information from the environment. The information that we receive through this 5 Indriyas, are called direct information or Prathyaksha. The information that we receive from Prathyaksha is further analyzed, with the help of Manas or mind and this method of analysis and inference is Anumana. So the 5 Indriyas are the means to achieve Prathyaksha knowledge, and Manas is responsible to achieve anumana knowledge. Therefore Manas is considered the sixth Indriya . There should be some factors in the surroundings that make substances audible, tactile, visible, tastable and smelled. These factors are the Five elements or Five Mahabhuthas.
Several permutations and combinations of these Mahabhuthas lead to the formation of all living and non-living things that we perceive around us in this world. This means that all the things around us, are made from Panchamahabhuthas. As we know that neurons are the structural and functional unit of the nervous system, these Panchamahabhutas are the structural and functional unit of all living and non-living things that we touch, see, taste, smell and hear. According to the Theory of Panchamahabhutha all living and non-living, natural and artificial things in this world are formed from the five elements. Hence The human body is also made Panchamahabhuthas
Anything made of Panchamahabhutha is called Bhouthika. Our bhouthika body is nourished by the bhouthika food. Our body as well as the food or drugs that we take are made of Panchamahabhuthas. Improper intake of food or improper behaviours can cause disturbances in mahabhuthas and cause disease in bhouthika body. Then we use the corresponding bhouthika drugs to regain the bhouthika body.
In this speech I would like to critically analyse the Panchamahabhutha Theory and its importance in the development of basic principles of Ayurveda Science.
Neurodegenerative diseases are featured by progressive dysfunction and death of cells in selected areas in the nervous system. Neurodegeneration leads to the loss of structural and functioning components of neurons over time. Various studies have related neurodegeneration to a number of degenerative disorders. Neurological repercussions of neurodegeneration can have severe impacts on the physical and mental health of patients. In the recent past, various neurodegenerative ailments such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's illnesses have received global consideration owing to their global occurrence. Dhathus being the essential components of the body, the general body strength is entirely dependent on them. Vitiation of any dosha may cause either a temporary damage or permanent destruction to dhathus depending on the intensity of Dhathu Kshaya caused due to Dhathupaka. Vata dosha has intimate relationship with all dhathus. The cause of Vataprakopa may be either Dhathu Kshaya or Margavarodha In this lecture I will be discussing the clinical features and pathological background of Vata prakopa in relation to Dhathukshaya which leads to neurodegenerative conditions. The concept of agni is a unique thing in Ayurveda wisdom. The normal functioning of doshas, dhathus, malas and pranas depends on the quality and quantity of agni and hence the maintenance of normal agni all while is absolutely essential for the health. During the lecture an emphasis will be given to importance of different agnis in the pathology of neurodegeneration.
Benefits of Nasya in integrative neurology
Dr. Sandeep Nair
Nasya is one of the Panchakarma treatments and is particularly beneficial for treating diseases above the shoulder level. Nose is the doorway to the head and, through it, Nasya seeks to destroy diseases of the head. Nasya is done by employing substances appropriate to the disease, which are prepared with equally appropriate drugs in the form of oil, ghee, powder, smoke or juice.
The present talk will emphasize on the benefits of Nasya in integrative neurology with special reference to non-motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease. Emphasis will be given to the important points that are to be taken care of in the procedure of Nasya treatment. The indication and contraindication of Nasya treatments will be discussed. Step by step procedure, complications and their management will be mentioned during the discussion. Time and mode of administration of Nasya treatment mentioned in different conditions will be one of the important topics in the lecture.
This talk will highlight the benefits of Nasya in detail with respect to Daily regime, Seasonal regime and Non-motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease. The talk will be concluded by mentioning the future research aspects of Nasya in integrative neurology.